The banned Communist Party of India (Maoist) has put in place as many as 128 front organisations across 16 States for carrying out Naxal propaganda and bringing newer areas under its influence.
Apart from the Naxal-affected States, there are as many as nine such outfits in Delhi, three in Gujarat, 8 in Haryana, 10 in Punjab, 12 in Karnataka, four each in Kerala and Tamil Nadu and two in Uttarakhand.
Among the Naxal-affected States, Jharkhand tops the list with 17 front organisations followed by 13 in Andhra Pradesh, 10 each in Bihar and Odisha, nine each in West Bengal and Maharashtra, six in Chhattisgarh and two in Uttar Pradesh.
The propaganda stage is the first step by the Maoist before carrying out violence. The front outfits also mobilise people against the State when the Maoists suffer setbacks at the hands of security agencies.
These organisations intend to create disenchantment among the masses against the State apparatus with the twin objective of enlisting their support for dharnas and demonstrations and to prepare them for violent revolution later.
The growth of these outfits in States like Delhi, Haryana, Punjab in the north, Gujarat in the west and Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the south is an indication that Maoists aim to enlarge their area of operation and the arc of violence. The expansion in these States also suggests the ultras have plans to bring urban areas in the ambit of Naxal violence, a senior security official said.
The active outfits in Delhi include Delhi General Mazdoor Front, Democratic Students’ Union, Nari Mukti Sangh, Revolutionary Democratic Front, Vikalp (cultural front), Forum Against War on People, Committee for Release of Political Prisoners, People’s Democratic Front of India and Mehnatkash Mazdoor Morcha.
The three outfits operating in Gujarat include Gujarat Working Class Wing, Krantikari Kamdar Sangathan and Naujawan Bharat Sabha.
The outfits under the scanner of security agencies in Haryana include Disha Sanskritik Manch, Jan Chetna Manch, Krantikari Mazdoor Sangathan, Mahila Mukti Morcha, Naujawan Dasta, Shaheed Bhagat Singh Kisan Manch and Shivalik Jan Sangharsh Manch. The outfits in Punjab include Jamhoori Adhikar Manch, Kirti Mazdoor Union, Lok Morcha, Punjab Radical Students Union, Operation Green Hunt Virodhi Jamhoori Manch.